Episode 2 | "An American" (1775-1790)
Benjamin Franklin leaves London and returns to wartime Philadelphia where he joins Congress and helps Thomas Jefferson craft the Declaration of Independence. In Paris, he wins French support for the American Revolution then negotiates a peace treaty with Britain. He spends his last years in the new United States, working on the Constitution and unsuccessfully promoting the abolition of slavery.
Episode One: "Join or Die" (1706–1774)
Leaving behind his Boston childhood, Benjamin Franklin reinvents himself in Philadelphia where he builds a printing empire and a new life with his wife, Deborah. Turning to science, Franklin's lightning rod and experiments in electricity earn him worldwide fame. After entering politics, he spends years in London trying to keep Britain and America together as his own family starts to come apart.
In this documentary, historian David Starkey tells the story of the Protestant Reformation and how it transformed the face of modern Europe. A schism at the heart of Christendom, the Reformation unleashed centuries of holy war, inspiring the kind of fundamentalism, terror and religious violence we are all too familiar with today. Timed to coincide with the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther nailing his 95 Theses to the doors of All Saint's Church in Wittenberg, this programme charts the spread of Luther's ideas across Europe. Starkey explains how and why Luther's simple act of defiance would gain such momentum, and explores the consequences of his actions - both on the Christian faith, as well as on society as a whole. Filmed in Rome, Germany and the UK, the programme concentrates on the early years of the Reformation and concludes by revealing the impact and legacy it had on England. There it prompted Henry VIII to split with the Catholic Church in Rome and declare himself supreme head of the Church of England.
Neurons to Nirvana is a 2013 documentary film by Canadian filmmaker Oliver Hockenhull. The film examines the evidence for the therapeutic benefits of psychedelic drugs.
A stylish, in depth look at the renaissance in psychedelic drug research in light of current scientific, medical and cultural knowledge.
Documentary by Matt Walsh.
What is a woman?
But all of a sudden, way too many people don’t seem to know the answer. Is a woman a woman just by feeling or acting a particular way? Aren’t gender roles just a “social construct”? Can a woman be “trapped in a man’s body”? Does being a woman mean anything at all?
We used to think being a woman had something to do with biology, but the nation’s top experts keep assuring us that is definitely not the case. So Matt decided to do what no man (whatever that means) had done before. He sat down with the experts and asked them directly.
In What Is a Woman?, our hero:
• Discovers that no one—not doctors, therapists, psychiatrists, or politicians—can actually define the word “woman”
• Hilariously convinces a radical gender therapist that Matt is questioning his own gender identity
• Uncovers the shocking and horrifying roots of radical gender ideology
• Learns exactly how activists and ideologues are trying to brainwash our kids
• Reveals a strategy to defeat the collective insanity that has taken over our society
Join Matt on his often comical, yet deeply disturbing, journey as he answers the question generations before us never knew they needed to ask: What is a woman?
Home is a 2009 French documentary film by Yann Arthus-Bertrand. The film is almost entirely composed of aerial shots of various places on Earth. It shows the diversity of life on Earth and how humanity is threatening the ecological balance of the planet.
The English version was read by Glenn Close. The Spanish version was read by Salma Hayek. The Arabic version was read by Mahmood Said. The film had its world festival premiere at the Dawn Breakers International Film Festival in 2012. Before the festival premier, it was released simultaneously on 5 June 2009, in cinemas across the globe, on DVD, Blu-ray, television, and on YouTube, opening in 181 countries. The film was financed by the luxury group Kering. The concept of the documentary was inspired by the director's book Earth from Above.
In this documentary, John Rhys-Davies leads us back into a darker time to discover this tale of saints and sinners, power and passion. The greatest translation of the Bible emerged into a world and culture that would never be quite the same again.
The New Corporation: The Unfortunately Necessary Sequel is a 2020 Canadian documentary film, directed by Joel Bakan and Jennifer Abbott. A sequel to the influential 2003 film The Corporation, the film exposes how companies are desperately rebranding as socially responsible - and how that threatens democratic freedoms.
Documentary: Science & Islam
Episode: The Power of Doubt
Al-Khalili turns detective, hunting for clues that show how the scientific revolution that took place in the 16th and 17th centuries in Europe had its roots in the earlier world of medieval Islam. He travels across Iran, Syria and Egypt to discover the huge astronomical advances made by Islamic scholars through their obsession with accurate measurement and coherent and rigorous mathematics.
Documentary: Science & Islam
Episode 2: The Empire of Reason
Al-Khalili travels to northern Syria to discover how, a thousand years ago, the great astronomer and mathematician Al-Biruni estimated the size of the earth to within a few hundred miles of the correct figure.
Science and Islam (2009) is a three-part BBC documentary about the history of science in medieval Islamic civilization presented by Jim Al-Khalili. The series is accompanied by the book Science and Islam: A History written by Ehsan Masood.
Episode 1: The Language of Science
Its legacy is tangible, with terms like algebra, algorithm and alkali all being Arabic in origin and at the very heart of modern science - there would be no modern mathematics or physics without algebra, no computers without algorithms and no chemistry without alkalis.
The Corporation is a 2003 Canadian documentary film written by University of British Columbia law professor Joel Bakan, and directed by Mark Achbar and Jennifer Abbott. The documentary examines the modern-day corporation. Bakan wrote the book, The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power, during the filming of the documentary.
A sequel film, The New Corporation: The Unfortunately Necessary Sequel, was released in 2020.
Episode Five: The Age of Nations
The Boer War is of much forgotten significance to the Irish story in the early 20th century. A strong theme in the programme is the exploration of Irish nationalism, the welding together of culture, physical force and blood sacrifice, from Patrick Pearse, Connolly and Larkin right through to the beginning of the period known as 'The Troubles' in Northern Ireland.
And also the opening up of the 60s under Seán Lemass brought in a new era of economic openness in the south and its eventual membership of the EEC. There is a look at some key moments in The Troubles.
Episode Four: The Age of Union
A new area for exploration is Ireland's role in the British Empire - both in terms of military service - Irish regiments holding the Punjab for example, and in terms of intriguing Irish governors and political men posted in various corners of the British Empire.
Episode Three: The Age of Revolution
Spanning the Ulster Plantation to the Act of Union, this is an era that sees Ireland take centre stage in a much wider European conflict. This documentary will also investigate Gaelic life and culture during the eighteenth century through poetry, music and the rise of a Roman Catholic middle class.
Episode One: The Age of Invasions
The documentary series aims to explore Irish history using the historical facts and evidence while charting the origin and impact of the numerous myths that have been passed off as history in the past. Key to this approach is relating developments in Ireland to events and changes in Europe and the world at large as the centuries progress.
Areas discussed in the opening episode include the impact of early Christianity and monasticism in Ireland; the birth of Ireland's potent literary culture; the unique law tracts created by Irish lawyers that afford us remarkable insights into the day-to-day lives and habits of ordinary people nearly 1500 years ago.
The documentary focuses on the perpetrators of the Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966 in the present day. The genocide led to the killing of almost a million people, ostensibly for belonging to the local communist community. When Suharto overthrew Sukarno, the President of Indonesia, following the failed coup of the 30 September Movement in 1965, the gangsters Anwar Congo and Adi Zulkadry in Medan (North Sumatra) were promoted from selling black market movie theatre tickets to leading the most powerful death squad in North Sumatra. They also extorted money from the ethnic Chinese as the price for keeping their lives. Anwar is said to have personally killed 1000 people.
Today, Anwar is revered by the right wing of a paramilitary organization, Pemuda Pancasila, that grew out of the death squads. The organization is so powerful that its leaders include government ministers who are openly involved in corruption, election rigging and clearing people from their land for developers.
Invited by Oppenheimer, Anwar recounts his experiences killing for the cameras, and makes scenes depicting their memories and feelings about the killings. The scenes are produced in the style of their favorite films: gangster, Western, and musical. Various aspects of Anwar and his friends' filmmaking process are shown, but as they dig into Anwar's personal experiences, the reenacted scenes begin to take over the narrative. Oppenheimer has called the result "a documentary of the imagination".
Some of Anwar's friends state that the killings were wrong, while others worry about the consequences of the story on their public image.
After Anwar plays a victim, he cannot continue. Oppenheimer, from behind the camera, states that it was worse for the victims because they knew they were going to be killed, whereas Anwar was only acting. Anwar then expresses doubts over whether or not he has sinned, tearfully saying he does not want to think about it. He revisits the rooftop where he claims many of his killings took place, and retches repeatedly while describing how he had killed people during the genocide. The dancers from the film's theatrical poster are seen before the credits begin to roll.
Five hundred years ago, Martin Luther kicked off the Protestant Reformation, which contributed to the birth of our modern age. In this one-hour special — filmed on location in Europe — Rick Steves' documentary tells the story of a humble monk who lived a dramatic life. Rick visits key sites relating to the Reformation (including Erfurt, Wittenberg, and Rome) and explores the complicated political world of 16th-century Europe — from indulgences to iconoclasts, and from the printing press to the Counter-Reformation. It's a story of power, rebellion, and faith that you'll never forget.
Miss Representation is a 2011 American documentary film written, directed, and produced by Jennifer Siebel Newsom. The film explores how mainstream media contributes to the under-representation of women in influential positions by circulating limited and often disparaging portrayals of women.
Islam: The Untold Story is a documentary that deals with the origins of the religion Islam. Travelling to Saudi Arabia, Holland visits Arabian Bedouins to hear their orthodox Islamic accounts of the religion's origins. Holland then talks to Seyyed Hossein Nasr, a practising Muslim who teaches Islamic studies at the George Washington University, Washington D.C., and Patricia Crone, a non-Muslim historian of Islamic history at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. The former defends the orthodox Islamic account of the faith's history, citing its development within oral history, but Crone challenges the reliability of oral history, and therefore the traditional account.
Holland suggested that Mecca was not the home of Muhammad
Holland looks at the earliest evidence for Muhammad, Mecca and Islam in the first century of the Arab Empire, pointing to a lack of evidence in the historical record to support the traditional account. He points out that there is almost no contemporary historical evidence about the life of Muhammad, with no mention of him at all in historical texts until 70 years after his death. He states that contrary to Islamic doctrine which says Islam was behind the creation of the Arab Empire, Muawiyah I became leader of the Arab Empire in Jerusalem 30 years after Muhammad's death despite showing little sign of being Muslim, and that no mention of Muhammad or Islam can be found in any of Muawiyah's inscriptions, coins, or documents.
Holland proceeds to note that with the exception of a single ambiguous reference in the Qur'an, there is no mention of Mecca in any datable text until a century after Muhammad's death. He points out that in the Qur'an, the Prophet appears to address farmers and agriculturalists while his opponents are described as keeping cattle and growing olives and vines. This appears to describe an environment foreign to Mecca, where there was no agriculture; thus Holland posits that the location attributed to Mecca in the Qur'an more closely fits a city in the Negev desert, in what is now southern Israel.
Holland suggests that under the reign of Arab Emperor Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Mecca was intentionally yet erroneously portrayed as Muhammad's home and the birthplace of Islam in order to provide the religion with Arabian origins. Holland argues that in doing so, the faith was dissociated from the Jewish or Christian heritage that would have been self evident at a location in the Negev.
The documentary is divided into eight chapters, in which Herzog travels to Patagonia, the Black Mountains in Wales, and the Outback of Australia, where he meets Chatwin's friends and others who shed light on his life and art.
1. The Skin of the Brontosaurus - Herzog visits Punta Arenas, the Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument, and Last Hope Sound in Patagonia. He meets Karin Eberhard, the great-granddaughter of 19th-century explorer Hermann Eberhard, who discovered the Giant Sloth that plays a significant role in Chatwin's first book In Patagonia, and the Kenyan paleoanthropologist Richard Leakey.
2. Landscapes of the Soul - Visits Avebury and Silbury Hill in Wiltshire near to Chatwin's school of Marlborough College. Talks to Chatwin's widow Elizabeth at Llanthony Priory. Mentions his 1968 film Signs of Life. Meets Australian anthropologist Petronella Vaarzon-Morel and visits Coober Pedy in South Australia. Mentions that both men shared a fascination with the Aboriginal people of Australia, and first met while Herzog was filming Where the Green Ants Dream and Chatwin was researching The Songlines.
3. Songs and Songlines - Travels to Central Australia where he meets a number of Australians, including Aboriginal elders. He discusses the anthropologist Ted Strehlow and his book The Songs of Central Australia with Shaun Angeles Penange of the Strehlow Research Centre, before visiting Hermannsburg in the Northern Territory.
4. The Nomadic Alternative - Discusses Chatwin's unfinished book The Nomadic Alternative with his biographer Nicholas Shakespeare. Discusses the hunter-gatherers of Patagonia, showing vintage photographs of the Selk'nam people and the rock art at the Cueva de las Manos in Rio Pinturas. He discusses his own documentary Herdsmen of the Sun.
5. Journey to the End of the World - Herzog crosses the Beagle Channel and finds a archaeological dig on Navarino Island, then visits Puerto Williams. He talks with Elizabeth Chatwin and Nicholas Chatwin about Bruce Chatwin as a storyteller and mimic. Reads from Chatwin's essay Werner Herzog in Ghana.
6. Chatwin's Rucksack - Herzog talks about Chatwin's rucksack and how it came to play a role in his life in his film Scream of Stone, which he calls a 'homage to Bruce Chatwin'. He mentions how the author liked Herzog's film Fitzcarraldo and his book Of Walking in Ice.
7. Cobra Verde - He talks about Chatwin's visit to the set of Cobra Verde (which was based on his book The Viceroy of Ouidah).
8. The Book Is Closed - Herzog talks about Chatwin's sexuality, marriage, conversion, and mortality.
Monero Means Money: Cryptocurrency 101, Live from Leipzig is a Documentary Feature Film that explains the origins and purpose of Monero, a fungible cryptocurrency.
Dr. Daniel Kim gives a deep-dive summary of the technical, economic, and social aspects of fiat, Bitcoin, and Monero from 2008 to the present day. In keeping with 36C3 CDC's theme of "Respect My Privacy," this talk emphasizes features of cryptocurrencies and asset protection structures that are important to those early adopters who value their privacy.
Monero is cash for a connected world. It’s fast, private, and secure. With Monero, you are your own bank. You can spend safely, knowing that others cannot see your balances or track your activity. Monero is a decentralized cryptocurrency, meaning it is secure digital cash operated by a network of users. Transactions are confirmed by distributed consensus and then immutably recorded on the blockchain. Third-parties do not need to be trusted to keep your Monero safe. Monero uses ring signatures, ring confidential transactions, and stealth addresses to obfuscate the origins, amounts, and destinations of all transactions. Monero provides all the benefits of a decentralized cryptocurrency, without any of the typical privacy concessions. Transactions on the Monero blockchain cannot be linked to a particular user or real-world identity.
Learn more about Monero on the official website: https://getmonero.org
1:11 1. Scarcity
24:13 2. Fungibility / Privacy
44:17 3. Community
1:03:41 4. Correlation
Created 2 years ago.